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Remembering World War II
Clarence Leonard Tinker Sr. 0-003282 Major General Commander of the United States Air Forces in Hawaii Soldier's Medal (1931) Oklahoma City Air Depot was named Tinker Field (1942) Distinguished Service Medal November 21, 1887 Pawhuska, Osage County, Oklahoma, US Married Madeline (Doyle) Tinker June 7, 1942 54 Honolulu Memorial, Hawaii, US Courts of the Missing, Court 5 Clarence Leonard Tinker (1887–1942) was the husband of Madeline (Doyle) Tinker (b. January 4, 1896, in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia). He was the father of Major Clarence Leonard (Bud) Tinker Jr. (1915-1943), Madeline (Tinker) Gorman (1917-1997), and Gerald Edward (Tim) Tinker (1927–2003). One-eighth Osage Indian, Clarence Tinker was born on November 21, 1887, near Pawhuska, Oklahoma in the Osage Nation. His maternal grandmother was half-Osage, with both her parents being children of the marriage of Osages with Acadian Frenchmen from Louisiana. He was the eldest son of George E. Tinker and Sarah A. Schwagerte. He received his elementary education in Catholic institutions at Hominy and Pawhuska, Oklahoma, and the Elgin, Kansas public school. While growing up, he worked in the print shop of the Wah-Sha-She News, which his father founded and published. Beginning in 1900 Tinker attended the Haskell Institute, in Lawrence, Kansas, but withdrew before graduating. In the fall of 1906, Clarence Tinker enrolled at Wentworth Military Academy in Lexington, Missouri. Upon graduating from Wentworth in 1908, he was commissioned a third lieutenant in the Philippine Constabulary and received his commission as a Lieutenant in the United States Army Infantry in March 1912. After infantry training, he joined the 25th Infantry Division at Fort George Wright in Spokane, Washington. During World War I, he served in the south- western United States and California, and was promoted to Major. In 1919, he began flying lessons. One of his assignments after the War was with the ROTC at Riverside High School. Shortly thereafter, he transferred to the Army Air Service, and on July 1, 1922, he was assigned to flight duty. For a time he was the air attaché to the United States embassy in London. He also was at the Army Command and Staff College in the same class as Dwight D. Eisenhower. In 1927, he was named Commandant of the Air Service Advanced Flying School at Kelly Field in Texas and commanded various pursuit and bombardment units during the 1930s. He was steadily promoted, and on October 1, 1940, became a Brigadier General. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Tinker was named Commander of the Air Forces in Hawaii to reorganize the air defences of the islands. In January 1942, he was promoted to Major General, the First American Indian in US Army history to attain that rank. In June 1942, the Japanese began their assault of Midway Island. In the midst of the Battle of Midway, on June 7, General Tinker decided personally to lead a force of early model B-24s against the retreating Japanese naval forces. Near Midway Island his plane was seen to go out of control and plunge into the sea. General Tinker and eight crewmen perished. His body was never recovered. Clarence L. Tinker was the first American General killed in World War II. He received the Soldier's Medal in 1931 and was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Medal. On October 14, 1942, the Oklahoma City Air Depot was named Tinker Field in his honor and now known as Tinker Air Force Base.
Clarence Leonard Tinker, Sr.
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