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Name: Jack Elmer Hatfield Rank: Pilot Officer (Air Gunner) Service Number: 40474 Service: 264 Squadron, Royal Air Force Date of Birth: April 4, 1913 Place of Birth: Tusket, Yarmouth Co., NS Date of enlistment: 1938 Trade: Banker, Bank of Nova Scotia Marital Status: Single Date of Death: May 28, 1940 Age: 28 Cemetery: Becklingen War Cemetery, Germany Grave: 26. D. 4. Commemorated on Page 603 of the Second World War Book of Remembrance Displayed in the Memorial Chamber of the Peace Tower in Ottawa on December 23 The 52nd name on the WWII list of the Yarmouth War Memorial Jack Elmer Hatfield was the son of Elmer Calvin (1890-1967) and Enola Vaughan (Forbes) Hatfield (1886- 1966), of Tusket, Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia. Jack entered service with the Bank of Nova Scotia on August 1, 1929 at the age of 16. He was an Associate of the Canadian Bankers Association (A.C.B.A.). There is a record of him travelling from to Quebec to London, England aboard the SS Briarwood (of the Constantine Line), arriving August 21, 1937. He indicated his address was 21 Bury St. in London. He enlisted with the Royal Air Force sometime in 1938. He arrived in London, England July 4, 1938 having boarded in Port Said, Egypt, to RAF Depot Uxbridge England landing in London England aboard MV Shropshire (of the Bibby Line). The ship’s original port of departure was Rangoon, Burma. He departed Liverpool, England aboard the steamship RMS Nova Scotia (of the Furness Line) on July 14, 1938 bound for Halifax, NS. It is not clear when he returned to England prior to the start of the Second World War, but he has already serving in the RAF when the war began having enlisted in 1938. Acting Pilot Officer Hatfield was graded as a Pilot Officer on March 16, 1940 while in England. (Recorded in the London Gazette, June 4, 1940) With the opening of the enemy offensive on May 10, 1940, Jack Hatfield’s 264 Squadron moved south to Duxford. The RAF had 58 Defiants, but not all were combat ready. Jack took part in the first sortie of 264 Squadron with Fight Lieutenant Skelton but no enemy contact was made and they landed an hour later. The events of May 13, 1940: The squadron planes took off at 0415 hrs from Martlesham along with five other Boulton Paul Defiants and six Spitfires from 66 Squadron. The objective was to patrol the Dutch coast between IJmuiden and the Hague to attack enemy troop transport. They flew across the North Sea, making landfall about ten miles north of The Hague at 0515, after which all aircraft turned north. Over IJmuiden they were fired on by Dutch anti-aircraft guns located on the south side of the harbour. The guns were firing accurately but they ceased fire immediately the British signalled the Dutch letter of the day. All aircraft turned about and flew south along the coast. More fire, this time from the enemy, was encountered over Maassluis which caused sections to take evasive action. Shortly after, the No. 66 Squadron Spitfires turned east towards Rotterdam where there were fires raging in various places while the Defiants followed a more southerly route. Approaching Rotterdam, the crews of both flights saw about seven enemy Ju 87 Stukas, belonging to 12. Staffel of Lehrgeschwader 1, dive- bombing a target to the south-east. Ju 87 Stukas, belonging to 12. Staffel of Lehrgeschwader 1, dive-bombing a target to the south-east. The Defiants went into an attack and a ferocious air battle developed. Shortly after, Bf 109's from 5. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 26 joined the battle, which then developed into a series of individual dogfights. Hit by fire from enemy fighters, the pilot of Blue 1, Flight Lieutenant George Skelton, lost consciousness and the aircraft went into a spiral dive. His gunner, Pilot Officer Jack Hatfield, tried in vain to contact his pilot and finally abandoned the plane. He later filed the following report: “I was air gunner to Flight Lieutenant Skelton who was leading the formation of Defiants during the operations May 13, 1940. Skelton was leading 'B' Flight of No. 264 Squadron. We encountered near Rotterdam, at about 0545 hours, seven Ju 87s and about 25 Me 109s. About two miles from Rotterdam the Defiants had to break formation as a dogfight had developed. When we were attacked by one Ju 87 who was on our tail about 50 yards away, I told Flight Lieutenant Skelton to bank away but received no reply. At the same time another Ju 87 came up on our tail accompanied by an Me 109 on the left. I shot down the first Ju 87. By this time our own aircraft was in a steep spiral turn and the second Ju 87 continued to follow us. ‘I could not get in touch with Skelton so I think he was probably killed in the first encounter. Our aircraft started to spin and I managed to escape from the top of the turret with only one door open. I must have pulled my parachute automatically because I was not conscious until I landed in some water. I remember that the Ju 87 was firing incendiary bullets and my elbow was injured. ‘I swam ashore and stayed in the reeds for about two hours and then swam to another island. While in the water I saw a boy and a girl in a boat [Piet and Iet Saarloos] who took me to their house. I questioned the man of the house and by sign language was told that three English and one German parachute had come down. Apparently, our aircraft had spun in about one mile from this house and had blown up. The name of this place was Biesbosch. I tried to bribe the man to take me to the crash to see if my pilot was dead or wounded, but I was assured that the aircraft had exploded and the people would not take me across the river. ‘At about 1200 hours I was rowed across the river by one of the neighbours and was met by two boys on bicycles [Martien van Lent and Piet Saarloos] who took me on the back of one to the place where I met Pilot Officer Thomas of Blue 2. I noticed that most German aircraft were flying at about 1,500 feet. There was no opposition and very little anti-aircraft fire. All the Dutch military that we encountered appeared to be very angry that the English had not given them more air assistance.” Pilot Officer Hatfield returned to England the day after he was shot down. Together with Pilot Officer Samuel Thomas of Blue 2, he was able to secure a place aboard a British warship that left Hook of Holland late on the 13th and arrived at Dover the following evening. Both men rejoined No. 264 Squadron. May 23 – 26, 1940 On the afternoon of May 23, the squadron took off from RAF Manston, Kent County in South East England to cover the French coast over Dunkirk, Calais, and Boulogne. Hatfield flew with pilot Sergeant John Lander. Seven Messerschmitt Bf 110s were spotted and one of them dove to break up the British formation. The other six followed but seeing that the Defiants maintained good formation they climbed back into clouds. That evening the squadron flew a similar patrol together with two Hurricane squadrons, but no enemy aircraft were sighted. From May 26 to June 3 there were almost constant air battles over Dunkirk, as part of the aerial cover for Operation ‘Dynamo’, the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from France. The Defiants of No. 264 Squadron were heavily involved. May 29 proved to be a big day when they claimed eight Bf 109s, nine Bf 110s and one Ju 87. However, Jack Hatfield did not live to see that day. The events of May 28, 1940 On May 28, Hatfield had taken off from RAF Manston with Pilot Officer Alexander McLeod in Defiant L7007 to patrol Dunkirk. They failed to return from a combat with Bf 109s having been shot down in the English Channel – in the sea north west of Dunkirk. Pilot Officer (air gunner) Hatfield's body later washed ashore and he was buried in Germany. His remains were re-interred after the war in Becklingen War Cemetery at Soltau, Germany. Pilot Officer Alexander McLeod, has no known grave and his name appears on Panel 9 of the Runnymede Memorial. Jack Hatfield was the first Nova Scotian and the third Canadian to die in aerial combat during the Second World War. Jack’s brother Tracy Hatfield was shot down, almost two years to the day that Jack died, on May 28, 1942 during an air raid over Cologne, Germany and was a POW at Stalag Luft III. He survived the war and returned to Canada. He died in 2005 at the age of 85. Yarmouth resident Tracy Hatfield wrote about the wartime experiences of his father, Tracy and his uncle Jack for “The Argus”, the quarterly newsletter of the Argyle Municipality Historical and Genealogical Society. His article on Jack Hatfield appeared in the winter 2007 edition (Volume 19, Number 4). His two-part article on Tracy Hatfield appeared in the summer 2008 (Volume 20, Number 2) and fall 2008 (Volume 20, Number 3) editions.
Jack Elmer Hatfield
Sources: Veterans Affairs Canada Air Crew Remembrance Society The Boulton Paul Defiant: Day and Night Fighter, by Phil H. Listemann